Easy Harvard Referencing Style Guide

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At some point or another, you will come across Harvard style referencing during the course of your studies. Here is a simple guide to help you grasp the Harvard referencing style so that you can ace your essays.


Harvard Referencing Style Guide

Basics of referencing

  • When referring to any work that is NOT a journal, such as a book, article, or web page, capitalise only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
  • The List of references is ordered alphabetically by primary authors' surnames.
  • Capitalise all major words in journal titles, full names for journal titles and not abbreviations.
  • If within the same paragraph, reference is made to the same author or authors for a second time, the year of publication is left out in the second and further references.
  • Always cite page numbers within in-text citation – even if paraphrasing.

Here is a list of the various documents you can reference:

  • Books
  • E-books
  • Edited book collections
  • Journal articles (print)
  • Journal accessed via a database
  • Journal articles (published via webpage)
  • Government publications
  • Unpublished material (thesis, manuscript, unpublished paper)
  • ABS statistics
  • Brochure



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