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Sound Engineering - What It Is, Duties And Career Opportunities


A sound engineer or audio engineer is a trained professional who works with the mechanics of sound. Sound engineering requires a lot of technical expertise, but also requires a creative mind.


Sound engineers are responsible for manipulating, balancing, and reproducing music, and sound effects in many television shows and dramas. They have the opportunity to work in a variety of roles on a wide range of interesting projects.

Sound engineers can come from a variety of backgrounds and educational experiences. Training in radio, television, music, audio, performing arts, broadcasting, or electrical engineering all can lead to a career in sound engineering. 

Many colleges and universities offer specific training in sound engineering and sound recording. 

The fields in which sound engineers can work are limitless. Sometimes the jobs of sound engineers, audio technicians, and audio engineers overlap, as the technical knowledge needed on the job is similar.

Careers you can go into when studying sound engineering:

  • Sound Engineering/Audio Engineering
  • Recording engineer
  • Studio engineer
  • Game and audio design engineer
  • Mix engineer
  • Live sound engineer
  • Mastering engineer
  • Monitor engineer
  • Systems engineer
  • Audio post engineer

Common duties of sound engineers include:

  • Designs and manages sound levels and outputs.
  • Responsible for maintaining the physical sound equipment, like amps and microphones. 
  • Responsible for editing and mixing the tracks so they present the best performance consistent with the artist's vision.

If you have a well-trained ear and enjoy learning about electronics, becoming a sound engineer may be just the career for you. 

Click here to find a list of colleges that offer sound engineering in South Africa.



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